The Partnership on Market Access was initiated at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg in 2002. The WSSD concluded that agricultural trade is an important prerequisite for sustainable development and poverty alleviation. At the same time, quality requirements in agricultural trade, whether from governments or from companies or civil society organizations tend to become stricter. The Netherlands initiated a partnership on market access, which focuses on capacity building to allow less developed countries meet these stricter quality requirements. Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia and Kenya took up this partnership challenge.
Public-Private Partnerships and Capacity Building
The WSSD Partnership on Market Access is a partnership in which certain countries and product groups cooperate. This cooperation aims to enhance market access to the Netherlands/The European Union by focusing on quality requirements in agricultural trade. These requirements cover sanitary, veterinary or phytosanitary quality or relate to the environment, public health or social circumstances. The requirements differ per product group. Each country and product group has its own specific network of stakeholders, which is why the organisation of partnerships is different as well. Government, private sector and civil society organization are involved in each of the countries.